Beginning 1 January 2009, the use of seatbelt by rear passengers has been made compulsory by the Motor Vehicles Rules (Seatbelt) (2008 Amendment)

It was made compulsory with immediate effect except for vehicles:

  1. That were registered before 1 January 1995
  2. That were registered on and after 1 January 1995, but were not equipped with rear anchorage points
  3. That seat more than 8 passengers not including the driver; and
  4. Goods vehicles with a carrying load larger than 3.5 tonnes

For vehicles registered on and after 1 January 1995 that are equipped with rear anchorage points but not rear seatbelts, the owners are given until 31st December 2011 to install rear seatbelts in their vehicles.To ease the burden of these owners, JKJR and car makers Proton, Perodua and Honda had signed an MoU whereby these carmakers would retro-fit rear seatbelts on their vehicles that were registered on or after 1 January 1995. It was estimated that around 227,000 Proton, 435,000 Perodua and 35,000 Honda cars would be eligible for this retrofitting under this MoU. Vehicle owners are advised to take up this offer for the safety of their passengers and of their own.

This initiative was taken with the intention of reducing the number of deaths and injuries from traffic accidents. A study undertaken by the Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research (MIROS) in 2007 found out that 350 deaths, 700 serious injuries and 2,100 minor injuries happened to rear passengers of private vehicles. From these numbers, deaths and serious and minor injury cases could have been reduced by 40% - 50% if the rear passengers and drivers had been using their seatbelts.

Any vehicle drivers and passengers found out not using the seatbelt will be fined under this new ruling, with a fine up to RM2,000, or a maximum of a 1 year prison sentence, or both. However, for the period beginning 1 January 2009 until 30 June 2009, the JPJ and PDRM would only give a RM300 fine for offenders.

ARE ALL VEHICLES REQUIRED TO BE EQUIPPED WITH REAR SEATBELTS?

Beginning 1 January 2009, all vehicles registered on and after 1 January 1995 must be fitted with rear seatbelts.

WHAT TYPES OF VEHICLES ARE EXEMPTED FROM HAVING REAR SEATBELTS INSTALLED?

Kenderaan-kenderaan yang dikecualikan dari dipasang tali pinggang keledar tempat duduk belakang adalah seperti berikut:-

  1. Vehicles that were registered before 1 January 1995
  2. Vehicles registered on and after 1 January 1995 but are not equipped with rear anchorage points
  3. Vehicles that seat more than eight passengers not including the driver
  4. Goods vehicles with maximum carrying capacity (BDM) exceeding 3.5 tonnes

WILL OWNERS OF VEHICLES REGISTERED AFTER 1 JANUARY 1995 THAT ARE NOT EQUIPPED WITH REAR SEATBELTS BE FINED?

No. They are given a grace period until 31 December 2011 to retro-fit their vehicles with rear seatbelts.

For vehicles that can seat eight or less passengers (excluding the driver), all the seats must be equipped with a seatbelt.

ARE GOODS VEHICLES EXEMPTED FROM THIS RULING?

Only goods vehicles with carrying capacity of more than 3,500kg are exempted.

MUST VANS, SUVS, MPVS, AND MUVS ALSO BE EQUIPPED WITH REAR SEATBELTS?

They must be equipped if they are registered on and after 1 January 1995 and can seat less than eight including the driver.

CAN THE REAR SEATBELTS BE OF THE TWO-POINT TYPE?

Yes, if the car is not equipped with three rear anchorage points.

WHAT STEPS SHOULD BE TAKEN BY OWNERS OF VEHICLES REGISTERED ON AND AFTER 1 JANUARY 1995 THAT ARE NOT EQUIPPED WITH REAR SEATBELTS?

They must get their vehicles retro-fitted with rear seatbelts at their dealers. In addition to this, the Ministry of Transportation had also secured the cooperation of Proton, Perodua and Honda in providing and installing rear seatbelts for free.

WILL OWNERS OF VEHICLES REGISTERED AFTER 1 JANUARY 1995 THAT ARE NOT EQUIPPED WITH REAR SEATBELTS BE FINED AFTER THE RETRO-FITTING GRACE PERIOD ENDS ON 31 DECEMBER 2011?

Yes they will be.

WHO GETS FINED WHEN THERE ARE PASSENGERS WHO ARE NOT BUCKLED UP IN THE VEHICLE?

The passenger(s) who are not buckled in will receive the fine.

IS THERE AN AGE DURATION FOR THE REAR PASSENGER SEATBELT USE RULING?

Only rear passengers who are aged 17 years and above will be fined.

WHO ARE EXEMPTED FROM USING SEATBELTS?

  1. Those who are exempted from doing so for health reasons by two registered medical practitioners
  2. Those who are exempted by the Minister.

ARE PREGNANT MOTHERS EXEMPTED FROM USING THE SEATBELT?

Yes, they are.

WHO WILL BE FINED WHEN THE NUMBER OF PASSENGERS EXCEEDS THE NUMBER OF SEATBELTS IN THE VEHICLE, AND THE EXCESS PASSENGERS ARE NOT BUCKLED UP?

Only passengers who are not buckled up even when they have the use of seatbelt will be fined.

CAN ONE SEATBELT BE USED BY MORE THAN ONE PASSENGER?

No, as each seatbelt can only fit one passenger.

I WORK AS A DRIVER/CHAUFFEUR, IF MY EMPLOYER IS CAUGHT NOT USING HIS REAR SEATBELT, WHO WILL RECEIVE THE SUBSEQUENT FINE?

Your employer is the one who will receive the fine.

AS A DRIVER, WILL I BE FINED IF A REAR PASSENGER WHO IS NOT YET 17 YEARS OF AGE, IS CAUGHT NOT USING THE SEATBELT?

No, a ticket will only be issued if the rear passenger is aged 17 years old and above.

WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE INSTALLATION OF REAR SEATBELTS IN ANY PARTICULAR VEHICLE?

The responsibility is solely the vehicle owner's.

ARE FOREIGN-REGISTERED VEHICLES REQUIRED TO ADHERE TO THIS RULING?

Yes they are.

ARE TODDLERS REQUIRED TO ADHERE TO THIS RULING?

No they are not if they are seated in a passenger's lap.

MY VEHICLE WAS REGISTERED BEFORE 1 JANUARY 1995 BUT IS EQUIPPED WITH EQUIPPED WITH REAR SEATBELTS, ARE MY REAR PASSENGERS REQUIRED TO USE THEM?

No they are not, but is advisable for them to do so, to ensure their safety.

WHAT TYPES OF SEATBELT ARE ALLOWED FOR USE?

The types allowed for use are listed under Table 1 of the Motor Vehicles Rules (Seatbelt) 1978 and (Amendment) 2008.

WHERE CAN I PAY FINES RECEIVED FROM SEATBELTS OFFENCES?

They can be paid at any JPJ offices or police stations, depending on the organisation issuing those fines.

I OWN A HONDA REGISTERED ON 5 FEBRUARY 1995. HOW CAN I GET A FREE REAR SEATBELT INSTALLATION FROM HONDA?

You are advised to contact a Honda dealership or agent for an appointment.

MY VEHICLE IS A 1994 MAKE BUT IT WAS REGISTERED IN 1995. IS IT COMPULSORY FOR ME TO HAVE THEM INSTALLED WITH REAR SEATBELTS?

Yes it is.

I WAS FINED IN 2008 FOR NOT USING THE FRONT SEATBELT AND I WANT TO PAY THE FINE IN 2009. HOW MUCH IS THE FINE?

RM300.00

MY GRANDMOTHER REFUSES TO USE HER SEATBELT FOR A NUMBER OF REASONS. CAN SHE BE EXEMPTED FROM USING THE SEATBELT?

No she cannot.

ARE SEATBELT-RELATED OFFENCES INCLUDED UNDER THE DEMERIT POINT SYSTEM (KEJARA)?

No.

ARE THE HANDICAPPED AND PHYSICALLY-CHALLENGED ALSO REQUIRED TO USE REAR SEATBELTS?

Yes.

CAN THE USE OF REAR SEATBELTS REDUCE THE LIKELIHOOD OF A TRAFFIC ACCIDENT?

It is not intended to reduce the possibility of an accident, rather it is to reduce the severity of injuries when an accident does occur.

DO MOST DEVELOPED COUNTRIES IMPLEMENT SIMILAR RULES?

Yes, such as the USA, Denmark and the UK.

WHY IS IT IMPORTANT FOR REAR PASSENGERS TO BUCKLE UP?

Rear passengers who are not buckled up can become a safety hazard to the front row passengers and the driver. in certain situations. According to a research conducted by the Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research (MIROS), at the speed of 50km/h, a rear passenger weighing 60kg can slam into the front seats at an impact of up to 2.4 tonnes.

WHAT ARE THE STATISTICS REGARDING THE NUMBER OF DEATHS AND ACCIDENTS INVOLVING REAR PASSENGERS?

According to researches conducted by MIROS, in 2007, there were 350 cases of death, 700 cases of serious injury and 2,100 cases of minor injury involving rear passengers of private vehicles. It was found out that from these numbers, around 40 - 50% of deaths, serious and minor injuries could be reduced had the fatalities been using a seatbelt.

ARE TAXIS/HIRED CARS EXEMPTED FROM INSTALLING REAR SEATBELTS?

No. ALL vehicles registered on and after 1 January 1995 are required to be equipped with rear seatbelts.

MY VEHICLE WAS REGISTERED AFTER 1 JANUARY 1995 BUT IS NOT EQUIPPED WITH REAR ANCHORAGE POINTS. WILL I BE FINED WHEN MY REAR PASSENGERS ARE CAUGHT

No. ALL vehicles registered on and after 1 January 1995 are required to be equipped with rear seatbelts..

 

         
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